Hello Friend, if you are new to the world of forex trading, then you may have come across the term ‘spread’ and wondered what it means. In this article, we will explain what spread is, how it affects your trades, and how you can use it to your advantage.

What is Spread in Forex Trading?

Spread refers to the difference between the bid price and the ask price of a currency pair. The bid price is the price at which the market is willing to buy a currency pair, while the ask price is the price at which the market is willing to sell a currency pair.For example, if the bid price for EUR/USD is 1.2000 and the ask price is 1.2005, then the spread is 5 pips. In other words, if you buy EUR/USD at the ask price of 1.2005 and immediately sell it at the bid price of 1.2000, you would incur a loss of 5 pips.

How Does Spread Affect Your Trades?

Spread is an important factor to consider when trading forex because it affects your profits and losses. When you open a trade, you will be charged the spread as a commission by your broker. The wider the spread, the more you will have to pay in commission.For example, if the spread for EUR/USD is 1 pip, and you open a trade with a 1-lot size, then you will pay a commission of $10 (1 pip x $10 per pip x 1 lot size). However, if the spread widens to 3 pips, then you will pay a commission of $30 (3 pips x $10 per pip x 1 lot size).

How to Use Spread to Your Advantage?

Although spread can eat into your profits, you can also use it to your advantage. For example, if you are a scalper and trade frequently, you may prefer a broker with a low spread as it will reduce your trading costs.On the other hand, if you are a long-term trader and hold your positions for days or weeks, then a wider spread may not be as important as other factors such as the quality of execution, customer support, and trading platforms.

Factors That Affect Spread

The spread can vary depending on several factors such as market volatility, liquidity, and the broker’s pricing model. During times of high volatility, such as news announcements or market events, the spread may widen as the market becomes more volatile.Liquidity also plays a role in determining the spread. More liquid currency pairs such as EUR/USD and USD/JPY tend to have lower spreads than less liquid pairs such as USD/TRY or USD/ZAR.Brokers also have different pricing models that affect the spread. Some brokers offer fixed spreads, while others offer variable spreads that can change depending on market conditions.

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Table: Comparison of Spreads for Major Currency Pairs

Here is a table showing the average spreads for some of the major currency pairs among popular forex brokers:| Currency Pair | Average Spread (Pips) || — | — || EUR/USD | 0.5 – 1.5 || USD/JPY | 0.5 – 1.5 || GBP/USD | 1 – 3 || USD/CHF | 1 – 3 || AUD/USD | 0.5 – 2 || USD/CAD | 1 – 3 |It is important to note that these spreads are only indicative and can vary depending on the broker and market conditions.


What is the best spread for forex trading?

The best spread for forex trading depends on your trading style and preferences. If you are a scalper, then you may prefer a broker with a low spread, while a long-term trader may prioritize other factors such as execution quality and customer support.

Can I trade forex without paying a spread?

No, it is not possible to trade forex without paying a spread. Spread is the commission that brokers charge for their services, and it is an essential part of forex trading.

Why does the spread widen during news announcements?

The spread can widen during news announcements because the market becomes more volatile and there is a higher demand for liquidity. Brokers widen their spreads to protect themselves from market risks and to ensure that they can still provide liquidity during volatile periods.


Spread is an important factor to consider when trading forex. It affects your trading costs, profits, and losses. By understanding how spread works and how it can affect your trades, you can make informed decisions and use it to your advantage.We hope this article has been helpful in explaining what spread is, how it works, and how you can use it to your advantage. If you have any further questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. Until next time, happy trading!

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